Wheat, a dietary cornerstone worldwide, comes in various forms, each with unique nutritional benefits. In this exploration, we will uncover the distinct qualities and nutritional values of six types of wheat in India. From the celebrated Khapli to the widely cultivated Common bread wheat, each type brings its nutritional prowess.
6 Types of Wheat and Their Nutritional Values
Moving through the world of wheat, there are different types of wheat and their nutritional richness. From the hearty goodness of Wheat Khapli to the versatile Common Bread Wheat, each type has a unique nutritional tale waiting to be unfolded.
- Wheat Khapli
India takes the lead in producing Khapli wheat, also known as Samba or Emmer wheat. Beyond its quality, this variety boasts healing properties beneficial for heart health and diabetes. Chapatis made from Khapli wheat is not just delicious but also high in dietary fibres, aiding in weight management.
2. Wheat Sharbati
Exclusive to Madhya Pradesh’s Sehore district, Sharbati wheat stands out with its golden grains and elevated protein content. The nutty-flavoured, heavier grains result in soft, healthy chapatis, making it a favourite for those seeking a wholesome and pleasant dining experience.
3. Common Bread Wheat
Widely cultivated globally, Common bread wheat is a protein-rich variety, ideal for crafting puffy flatbreads like chapatis. In India, it takes a unique form known as Indian dwarf wheat, offering a lighter colour and milder flavour. Its nutritional profile aligns closely with its international counterparts.
4. Wheat Durum
Primarily used for pasta and macaroni, Durum wheat thrives in India’s northern states. With high gluten content, it resembles typical bread wheat nutritionally but is unsuitable for bread due to insufficient starch for fermentation. A staple for pasta lovers, it adds variety to the wheat landscape.
5. Steel Milling vs. Stone Milling
Understanding milling methods is crucial for preserving wheat’s nutritional integrity. Steel rollers generate heat during milling, depleting flour of vital minerals. Stone grinders, or chakki, prevent this nutrient loss, offering nutrient-dense wheat flour, aligns perfectly with the organic and whole-wheat trend.
6. Organic, Whole-Wheat & Stone-Grind
Opting for organic, whole-wheat, and stone-ground flour ensures a nutrient-rich choice. Whole wheat, with bran, husk, and endosperm intact, provides essential nutrients, dietary fibres, minerals, and vitamins. Stone grinding retains the germ, offering nutrient-dense flour.
Health Benefits and Nutritional Values
Choosing whole wheat, organically grown and stone-ground, reaps multiple health benefits. Rich in insoluble fibre, whole wheat aids digestion and may help prevent colon cancer. Types of wheat in India like Sharbati, Rajwadi, and Sonalika offer a nutrient-packed punch, contributing to good gut health and potentially reducing the risk of colon cancer.
As we traverse the vast expanse of different types of wheat, each has a unique story to tell and a set of nutritional benefits to offer. Whether you opt for the nutty richness of Sharbati or the versatile appeal of Common bread wheat, incorporating a variety of wheat types into your diet ensures a diverse range of nutrients.
For those seeking the finest wheat products, brands like Sri Sri Tattva and India Gate provide a comprehensive classification of wheat, marrying nutrition with culinary delight. So, embrace the diversity of wheat, savor its nutritional richness, and let your culinary journey be a celebration of health and flavor